Shopping Basket

Common Knitting Abbreviations 

List of Knitting Abbreviations

There's nothing more frustrating than coming across a knitting abbreviation that is completely alien to you halfway through following a pattern, that's why we've created this handy knitting abbreviations chart; featuring some of the most common abbreviations used in knitting patterns today. 

For further help on some of the stitches featured, head over to our YouTube channel where we have lots of tips and tutorials. 

 

View All Patterns View All Yarn View All Knitting Kits View All Knitting Needles

 

A


 

alt  Alternate 
approx Approximately 

 

B


 

beg Beginning 
bet Between 
BO  Bind off 
byo  Backward yarn over 

 

C


C4B Slip next 2 stitches onto cable needle and leave at back of work. K2, then K2 from cable needle
C4F Slip next 2 stitches onto cable needle and leave at front of work. K2, then K2 from cable needle
CA Colour A 
CB  Colour B 
CC Contrasting colour 
cdd Centred double decrease. sl2 tog, K1, pass the slipped stitches over (together)
CL K2tog. Keep stitches on left-hand needle. P2tog into the same stitches. Slip off left-hand needle
cm Centimetre
cn  Cable needed 
CO Casting On/Off
cont Continue 
cross 2 L 2 stitches to the left/right (to work a cable). Slip 2 stitches p­url wise onto a cable needle, let cable needle hang in front of work as you knit the next couple of stitches; then knit stitches off of cable needle.
cross 2 L Cross 2 stitches to the left (to work a cable). Slip 2 stitches p-wise onto a cable needle, let cable needle hang in front of work as you knit the next couple of stitches; then knit stitches off of cable needle.
cross 2 R Cross 2 stitches to the right (to work a cable). slip 2 stitches p-wise onto a cable needle, let cable needle hang in the back of work as you knit the next couple of stitches; then knit stitches off of cable needle.

 

D


dec Decrease
dpn Double-pointed needles
dtr  Double treble 

 

E


EON End of needle
EOR End of row 

 

F


FC Front cross (when working on a cable needle)
fl  Front loop 
foll
Follow 

 

G


g Gram(s)
g st 
Garter stitch 

  

I


inc Increase
inc
Including 

 

K


K Knit Stitch 
k1B Knit stitch in row below
K1below  Knit into next stitch 1 row below
K1tbl Knit next stitch through back of loop
K2tog Knit two together (decrease)
K2togtbl Knit 2 stitches together through back loops
K3(4,n)tog Knit next 3(4, n)stitches together
kfb Knit 1 stitch, slip this stitch from right needle to left needle, pass second stitch on left needle over first stitch and off left needle; return stitch to right needle; single right-leaning decrease
krl Knit right loop (increase)
kwise Knitwise

 

L


LC Left cross (to work a cable). As in: cross 2 L
LH Left hand 
LP Loop
LT
Left twist (where two stitches cross each other, as in the smallest cable stitch possible)

 

M


m Marker 
m Metre
M1 or M1K Make one stitch knitwise; single knit increase
M1L Make one left; single left-leaning knit increase
M1lp Make one left purlwise; single left-leaning purl increase
M1P Make one purlwise; single purl increase
M1R Make one right; single right-leaning knit increase
M1rp Make one right purlwise; single right-leaning purl increase
MB Make bobble: [(K1. yfwd) 3 times. K1] all in next st. Turn. P7. Turn. Sl1. K1. psso. K3. K2tog. Turn. P2tog. P1. P2togtbl. Turn. Sl1. K2tog. psso - bobble made
MC Main colour 
mm Millimetre

 

N


no Number

 

O


oz Ounce


P


p Purl Stitch 
p tbl or P1 tbl, P1b Purl through the back loop
p2sso Pass 2 slipped stitches over 
p2tog Purl 2 stitches together; single decrease
P2togtbl Purl 2 stitches together through back loops
P3(4,n)tog Purl next 3(4,n) stitches together
pat or patt Pattern
pfb Purl 1 into front and back of a stitch; single purl increase
pm Place marker
pnso Pass next stitch over
prev Previous
psso Pass slipped stitches over (as in slip 1, knit 1, psso)
pwise Purlwise
  

R


rem Remaining 
rep Repeat 
rev St st Reverse stockinette stitch
RH Right hand 
rnd Round 
RS Right side 

 

S


S2KP2 Slip 2 stitches as if to knit 2 together, knit 1, pass 2 slipped stitches over knit stitch; centered double decrease
sk  Skip 
SK2P Slip 1 knitwise, knit 2 together, pass slip stitch over knit 2 together; double left-leaning decrease
sk2p  Slip 1, knit 2 together, pass slipped stitch over (a double decrease)
SKP Slip 1 knitwise, knit 1, pass slip stitch over knit stitch; single left-leaning decrease
sl Slip
sl st  Slip stitch 
sl1k Slip 1 knitwise
sl1p Slip 1 purlwise
sm Slip marker
ssk Slip next 2 stitches knitwise one at a time. Pass them back onto left-hand needle, then knit through back loops together (decrease)
ssp Slip 2 stitches knitwise, return these 2 stitches to left needle and purl them together through back loops; single left-leaning decrease
ssp Slip. Slip, purl (decrease) usually done on purl side
SSPP2 Slip 2 stitches knitwise, return these 2 stitches to left needle and then slip them as if to p2tog through back loops, purl 1, pass 2 slipped stitches over purl stitch; centred double decrease
sssk Slip 3 stitches knitwise, knit these 3 stitches together through back loops; double left-leaning decrease
sssp Slip 3 stitches knitwise, return these 3 stitches to left needle and purl these 3 stitches together through back loops; double left-leaning decrease
st Stitch 
St(s) Stitches


T


tbl Through back loop
tfl  Through front loop
tog Together 
  

W


w&t Wrap and turn 
WS Wrong Side 
wyib  With yarn in back 
wyif With yarn in front 
  

Y


yb Yarn back 
yd Yard
yfwd or yf Yarn forward
yo  Yarn over 
yo2  Yarn over twice 
yon Yarn over needle (same as yo - increase)
yrn Yarn round needle (increase)

 

Symbols


 

" or in  Inch
() Work instructions within parentheses as many times as directed or work a group of stitches all in the same stitch or space
(..sts) The number within the bracket indicates the number of stitches
Repeat the instructions following the single asterisk as directed 
** Repeat instructions between asterisks as many times as directed or repeat at specified locations 
[…] Repeat the sequence within the square bracket by the number shown
{} Work instructions within brackets as many times as directed